Corruption results in burdensome costs, feeds inequality and injustice, and undermines the sustainable development agenda. Korea has faced its own challenges with corruption. However, in recent years, the country has made great strides in its anti-corruption efforts and is thereby well placed to share its expertise with other transitioning countries through this SDG Partnership.
The programme initiated in 2014, can be categorized into two main areas: 1) anti-corruption monitoring-evaluation-prevention systems, and 2) open data and public construction management.
Anti-corruption monitoring-evaluation-prevention systems
Anti-corruption monitoring-evaluation-prevention systems include SDG Partnerships on Korea’s Anti-Corruption Initiative Assessment (AIA) and Corruption Risk Assessment (CRA), developed in close partnership with Korea’s Anti-Corruption Civil Rights Commission (ACRC) and UNDP Country Offices.
AIA has been an annual exercise for corruption prevention in Korea since 2002, which assesses the effectiveness of Korea’s public-sector organizations in implementing the government’s anti-corruption policies and initiatives. The first phase project (2015-2017) shared Korea’s AIA tool with Vietnam.
CRA is an anti-corruption mechanism introduced in 2006 and has been a useful tool for Korea to prevent occurrences of corruption by identifying and removing corruption risks in bills, laws and regulations. The second phase project (2018-) shared ACRC’s CRA tool with Myanmar and Kosovo.
Open data and public construction management
Introduced in 2011, Seoul Metropolitan Government’s Clean Construction System (CCS) is a tool that has increased the efficiency, accountability and transparency of Seoul’s public construction management, through full digitalization of its business process and real-time disclosure of information on its construction projects.
Together with Seoul, UNDP shared this system in December 2015 with more than 70 participants from 20 countries in an International Workshop for Public Construction Transparency. In 2016-2017, the Centre provided follow-up advisory and technical support to five countries, namely Ukraine, Jordan, Uganda, Vietnam (Da Nang City), and Thailand, leading to country-level application of this system. In 2018, the second phase programme on CCS was launched with two partner countries: Philippines and Tunisia.
Sexual & Gender-based violence
Gender-based violence (GBV) continues to be a pervasive issue and an impediment to the global development agenda. It affects all countries and sectors, as evidenced by the high number of women reporting some form of physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetimes. To enhance countries’ capacity to tackle this issue, UNDP Seoul Policy Centre launched the SDG Partnership on GBV in 2017 to share best practices and lessons learned.
The programme focuses on two key areas: 1) enhancing police capacity-building for addressing GBV, and 2) providing holistic and effective support to victims through an integrated service mechanism.
Police capacity-building involves acknowledging the importance of a victim-oriented and rights-based approach in the policing service, as well as the importance of an institutionalized response to effectively address GBV.
For implementing an integrated service mechanism, Korea provides the experience of establishing and operating “Sunflower Centres.” Located in hospitals, these centres provide medical, counselling, investigation, and legal support for GBV survivors at a single location. As a one-stop service centre, they are designed to lessen the difficulties often faced by survivors when having to deal with multiple institutions and to prevent any further trauma in the aftercare process.